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P owerHub 1800 Operator’ s Guide PH1800.
PowerHub 1800 Operator’s Guide.
About Xantrex Xantrex T echnology Inc. is a world-leading supplier of advanced power electronics and controls with products from 50 watt mobile unit s to 2.5 MW utility-scale systems for wind , solar, batteries, fuel cells, microturbines, and backup power appli catio ns in both grid-connected and stand-alone systems.
iii About This Guide Purpose The purpose of this Operat or ’ s Guide is to provide procedures for operating the PowerHub 18 00. Scope The Guide provides safety guidelin es, detai led planning and setup information, and proc edures for operating the in verter .
About T his Guide iv 975-0288-01-01 Conventions Used The following co nventions are used in this gui de. Abbreviations and Acronyms Related Information Y ou can find more information ab out this product by seeing the PowerHub 1800 Insta llation Guide (part number 975-028 9-0 1-01).
v Important Safety Instructions 1. Before installing and using the Powe rHub 1800, read all instructions and cautionary mark ings on the Powe rHub, the batteri es, and in both the Installation Guide an d the Operator ’ s Guide. 2. The PowerHub is inten ded for indoor use only .
Safety vi 975-0288-01-01 7. Do not disassemb le the PowerHub, except where note d to wire it for a permanent installation or to inst all batteries. The Powe rHub 1800 contains no user-serviceable parts. See “W arranty” on page W A–1 for instructions on obtaining servi ce.
Safety 975-0288-01-01 vii Precautions W hen W orking With Batteries 1. Use only SEALED batteries with the PowerHub 1800. 2. Follow all instructions publishe d by the battery manufacturer . 3. W o rking in the vicinity of batte ries may be dangerous. Unsealed batteries can generate explosive gases during normal operation.
Safety viii 975-0288-01-01 13. If battery acid contacts skin or cl othing, wash immediately with soap and water . If acid enters your eye, immediately flood it with running cold water for at least twenty minutes and get medical attention immediately .
Safety 975-0288-01-01 ix • Reorient or relocate the receiving antenna. • Increase the separa tion between the equipment and receiver . • Connect the equipment into an outle t on a circuit dif fe rent from that to which the receiv er is connec te d.
Safety x 975-0288-01-01 If hardwired...... T o Power Down the PowerHub 1800: W ARNING: Shock Hazard If no DC Disconnect is used, then the DC input generators (solar or wind) wi ll have to be physically disconnected to ensure power is OFF .
975-0288-01-01 xi Important Safety Instructions - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - v Precautions When Working With Batteries - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .
Contents xii 975-0288-01-01 3 Troubleshooting How to Troubleshoot th e PowerHub 18 00 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–2 Error Codes - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - .
975-0288-01-01 xiii Figure i Basic Safety - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - vi Figure ii Power Down Procedure for Softwired Installations - - - - .
975-0288-01-01 i Table 3-1 Error Codes for Troublesho otin g the Po werHub 1800 - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 3–3 Table 3-2 Possible Problems if Utility Power is Not Available - - - - - - - - - - - - .
1 Introduction Chapter 1 describes the operational features and functions of the PowerHub 1800. This section details how the unit functions as an inverter , provides information on th e control panel, and describes operating limits for inverter operation.
Introduction 1–2 975-0288-01-01 Introduction Thank you for your purchase of this Xantrex Home Power System. The modified sine wave AC output fro m the inverter ensures AC loads operating from the unit perform efficiently and correctly . T o get the most out o f your PowerHub 1800, careful ly read and follow the instructions in this guide.
Introduction 975-0288-01-01 1–3 Basic Functions of the P owerHub 1800 Bypass Function When AC power is available from a generator or utility grid, the PowerHub will function as an automatic backup power unit . It will sit in Bypass mode and will pass the power th rough to support the loads and/or the battery charger .
Introduction 1–4 975-0288-01-01 Inverter Fe atures User Features The inverter consists of the following user features. • The Inverter Control Panel provid es a user interface for monitoring power levels, battery levels, and cont rolling the inverter functions and displays.
Introduction 975-0288-01-01 1–5 Battery Charge r Features Charging Settings The Battery Charger in the PowerHub 1800 has three pre-set charging profiles. • 40 A Profil e (Default Setting). W ith the 40 -amp Charging Profile, the maximum bypass power for AC outp ut to loads is approximately 600 W (4 A) with a 15 A input brea ker .
Introduction 1–6 975-0288-01-01 Standb y Mode In the Standby Mode, the Ch arger is OFF but monitors the battery voltage. If battery voltage drops below 12.5 Vdc, the unit will start a new Bulk stage. The PowerHub 1800 will rese t to the default setting of 40 A whenever one of the following occu rs.
2 Oper ation Chapter 2 contains information on operating the PowerHub 1800. F or this topic... See ... “Inverter Control Panel” page 2–2 “User Controls and Display” page 2–3 “Selecting C.
Operation 2–2 975-0288-01-01 Inverter Control P anel The Inverter Control Panel has nine LEDs; six S tatus LEDs (three for input/charge levels and three for output power levels), two Mode Indication LEDs, one AC Indicator LED. T wo push buttons pro vide ON/OFF control and Display Select features.
Inverter Control P anel 975-0288-01-01 2–3 User Controls and Display The following provides a detailed desc ription of the user controls and LED display function.
Operation 2–4 975-0288-01-01 Operating Mode LEDs Bypass LED When AC power source is ava ilable, the PowerHub 1800 will pass the power through to the loads and will al so keep the battery bank char ged and usable. The Bypass LED will illumi nate when the unit is in this mode.
Inverter Control P anel 975-0288-01-01 2–5 Solar LED When the Select Button is pressed again within 10 seconds and the Solar LED is illuminated, the Solar Input wattage levels are displayed in kilowatts. These values are the inputs on the 32 A DC input terminals.
Operation 2–6 975-0288-01-01 Basic Operation The following fi gures show what the In verter Control Panel will look like when the user controls are used. P ower On and Off Important: The values shown in the displays of the following illustration s are examples only .
Basic Operation 975-0288-01-01 2–7 Changing the Display Press the red Select button to cycle the display through the input and output power values. Figure 2-3 Input Displays Press once. Wind input will be displayed. (This display indi cates 1 kw or 1000 watts) Press again within 10 seconds.
Operation 2–8 975-0288-01-01 Figure 2-4 Output Displays Net Power will be di splayed. Battery Voltage will be displaye d. (This displays 12.8 Vdc) Inverter Output will be displ ayed. (This displays 1.44 Kw or 1440 watts) Displays in Inverter Mode only.
Basic Operation 975-0288-01-01 2–9 Changing Charging Settings Default Setting The PowerHub 1800 is set at the factory to default to the 40 A Charging Profile. In the event that one of the other profiles are required, follow the instructions below to change the setting.
Operation 2–10 975-0288-01-01 If the AC Charger goes into an over temperature shutdown condition, the 40 A setting will automatically change to 10 A to reduce the charging current. The char ging current will ch ange back to 40 A when the unit cools to an acceptable temperature.
Connecting A C Loads 975-0288-01-01 2–11 Figure 2-6 Connecting AC Loads W ARNING: Shock Hazard Do not insert objects not inten ded for use w ith an electric appliance into the AC power outlets on the PowerHub (e.
Operation 2–12 975-0288-01-01 T ypical Loads that might be used with the P owerHub 1800 The following types of appliances can be used with the PowerHub 1800 providing.
3 T roubleshooting Chapter 3 explains how to troubleshoot the PowerHub 1800 and describes the error codes that may be displayed on the LCD. F or this topic.
T roubleshooting 3–2 975-0288-01-01 How to T roubleshoot the P owerHub 1800 The following information is provided to assist in the troubleshooting of the PowerHub 1800. Please review this information carefully . Check First.... Check the following tables for information specif ic to your unit.
Error Codes 975-0288-01-01 3–3 Error Codes The following error cod es may be displayed on the LED display if t he described fault conditions occur . T able 3-1 Error Codes for T roublesh ooting the P owerHub 1800 Error Code Displayed Description of Error Description of Cond ition Resolution E01 DC Input Under V oltage Shutdown Unit shuts down.
T roubleshooting 3–4 975-0288-01-01 E06 AC Output Overload Wa r n i n g System is still operating but AC loa d applied to the system in inverter mode is close to shutdown limit. Alarm will beep once every two seconds until the warning condition is removed.
If Utility P ower is NO T Available 975-0288-01-01 3–5 If Utility P ower is NO T A vailable The following fault conditions ma y arise when utility power is not available. T able 3-2 P ossible Problems if Utility P ower is Not Available Problem Probable Cause Solution Low output voltage.
T roubleshooting 3–6 975-0288-01-01 Display is ON, AC is not available on both hardwired a nd unit AC socket . Low input voltage (error code E01) High input voltage (error code E02) Unit is overload.
If Utility P ower is Av ailable 975-0288-01-01 3–7 If Utility P ower is A vailable The following fault conditions may ar ise when utility power is available. T able 3-3 P ossible Problems if Uti lity P ower is Available Problem Probable Cause Solution Display is OFF , AC is available on both hardwire and unit AC socket Inverter is turned OFF .
T roubleshooting 3–8 975-0288-01-01 P ossible Problem Loads The inverter can drive most loads, however , there are special conditions that can ca use a load to behav e diff erently than expected. The following describes some of the common prob lems encountered when using an inverter .
P ossible Problem Loads 975-0288-01-01 3–9 Recharg eable Devices When first using a rechar geable de vice, monitor its temperature for 10 minutes to ensure it does not become abnormally hot. Exc essive heat will indicate that it is inco mpatible with the inverter .
T roubleshooting 3–10 975-0288-01-01 Ground F ault Protection Ground fault protection is req uired when using either solar or wind renewable ener gy input. Figure 3-1 shows the location of the ground fault protection terminals and replaceable fuse. When a grounding fault is detected, the ground fault protection fuse will blow .
Ground F ault Protection 975-0288-01-01 3–11 4. Replace the p anel on the top of the inverter and tighten all five screws securely . Figure 3-1 Replacing Ground F ault Protection Fuse Remove the 5 #6-32 Phillips screws on the top of the inverter. Lift off the panel to expose the terminals.
A Specifications Appendix A provides electrical and physical specifications for the PowerHub 1800..
Specifications A–2 975-0288-01-01 Electrical Specifications T able A-1 Electrical Specifications for the Inverter P arameter P owerHub 1800 Inv erter Maximum O utput Power 1800 W (15A) (5 minutes maximu m) Continuous Output Po wer 1440 W (12 A) Surge Rating 2880 W (24 A) Input V oltage Range 10.
Physical Specifications 975-0288-01-01 A–3 Physical Specifications Battery Charg er Specifications Charging Process The Battery Charger uses a three-stag e charging process to maintain the battery (or batteries) in operational cond ition. This process is illustrated in Figure A-1, “Three-Stage Char ging Process” on page A–4.
Specifications A–4 975-0288-01-01 Float St age In the Float stag e, the constant voltage mo de limited to 13.7 Vdc. An 8- hour timer is started at this point. If, during the 8-hour timer , the curre nt rises to 6 A, the unit transitions back to the Bulk Stage and starts over .
Battery Charger Specifications 975-0288-01-01 A–5 Charging Pr ofiles 40-amp Charging Profile T able A-5 provides the specific char ging parameters fo r the 40 Charging Profile. T able A-5 40-amp Charging Profile P arameter Name Default V alue Charger Setting 40 A Maximum Bypass Current 500 W (4 A) Bulk Mode 40 A Absorption Mode 14.
Specifications A–6 975-0288-01-01 10-amp Charging Profile T able A-6 provides the specific char ging parameters fo r the 10 C harging Profile. 0-amp Charging Profile When Charger Setting 0 A is selected, the Battery Charger is disabled and will not charge the batteri es.
975-0288-01-01 IX-1 A AC LED 2–5 AC Loads 2–10 appliances battery-operated viii, 3–9 B batteries first aid when working with vii precautions when working with vii rechargeable viii , 3–9 batte.
Index IX–2 975-0288-01-01 R Rechargeable Devices 3–9 S safety instructions vii Select Button 2–4 serial number WA–5 Solar LED 2–5 W warranty out of warranty service WA–4 terms and conditio.
975-0288-01-01 WA–1 W arranty and Return Information Wa r r a n t y What does this warranty cover? This Limite d W arranty is provided by Xantrex T echno log y Inc. ("Xantrex") and covers defects in workm anship and materials in your PowerHu b 1800 .
W arranty and Return WA–2 975-0288-01-01 What proof of pur chase is requir ed? In any warranty claim, da ted proof of purchase must accompany the product and th e product must not have been disass embled or modifi ed without prior written authorization by Xantrex.
W arranty and Return 975-0288-01-01 WA–3 Exclusions If this product is a consumer product, federal law does not allow an exclusion of implied warrant ies. T o the extent you are entitled to i mplied warranties under federal law , to the extent permit ted by applicable law they are limited to the duration of this Limited W arranty .
W arranty and Return WA–4 975-0288-01-01 Out of W arr anty Service If the warranty period for your PowerHu b 1800 ha s expired, if the unit was dama ged by misuse or incorrect installation, if other conditio ns of the warranty have not been met, or if no dated proof of purchase is available, you r unit may be serviced or replaced for a flat fee.
W arranty and Return 975-0288-01-01 WA–5 Information About Y our System As soon as you open your PowerHub 1800 package, record the following information and b e sure to keep your proof of purchase. If you need to contact Customer Service, please record the fo llowing det ails befo re calling.
Xantrex Technology Inc. 1 800 670 0707 Tel toll free NA 1 360 925 5097 Tel direct 1 800 994 7828 Fax toll free NA 1 360 925 5143 Fax direct customerservice@xantrex.
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